(28)肘底看捶 ——
Fist under elbow
前式,斜单鞭
的结束状态


This is the
finishing
posture of
Single Whip.
     肘底看捶 01:
以右足跟为支点,右腿由曲伸直,将重
心移向左足,同时以左足跟与左胯连线
为轴旋转身体带动左足尖与左臂指向正
东方。上身有正直逐渐向左大腿与左足
尖方向侧倾,使左边K-H-D-B-A 连成一
线。左手臂自然伸直,手掌转为面下。
右手臂在原处保持静止不动。此时上身
面南。
要特别注意的是:在转身时双胯只是原
地转动而没有位移。右腿伸直时,膝盖
是向右足跟方向后移,而非向左腿方向
侧移,籍此保持开胯状态。使腰腿间维
持强劲有力,下盘稳定坚实。切不可在
转体时因突出右胯而体态扭曲。
肘底看捶 02:
维持左边足、膝、肩、臂
静止,以右足跟,右胯连
线为轴,转体45度,使右
足尖与自然直伸的右臂指
向南方。上身态势除略向
左转外基本保持不变,即
基本维持面南而向东侧倾
的态势。

使重心切实落在左足与左
胯的连线之上,着力于左
足的足跟与足外侧,左足
指含抓地之意。
肘底看捶 03:
严格维持身体左侧的足,
膝、胯、臂的稳定与静
止,以左胯为中心,将面
南而向东侧倾的上身转为
面东前倾,随上身转体90
度的同时,将足指指向南
方而直伸的右腿顺势也转
动90度,带到与左足平行
的后方,同时钩状的右手
松开,
随转动身体将右手、臂置
于与左臂平行之处,这时
体态当与搂膝拗步的偏正
式相似,只是双臂的姿势
不同而已。
肘底看捶 04:
双手抓拳,左手以肘关节
为中心,前臂弧线上提45
度左右,拳心由向右转为
向脸面。同步以右肘为中
心,前臂左转,拳心由向
左转为向上,并置于左肘
之下。

除手臂姿势不同外,整个
体态要领与琵琶势的坐势
向当。
肘底看捶 05:

与腰部右转近45度的揽雀
尾01:相似。右臂保持不
变,以左肘为中心,左拳
向右下作弧线运动45度左
右,同时旋转左前臂,使
左拳心由向右略转为向
上。
此动作以维持脊髓为中心
的转腰为主,要保持下盘
开胯、收臀、鼓腰的稳定
的坐势
肘底看捶 06:

体态由后坐转为前弓。

左手臂继续以前臂为轴略微上
旋。
Fist under elbow 06

Move the post from sitting
to bow step forward. With
the left forearm as axis,
continue the slight upward
turn of the left arm.
肘底看捶 07

以脊髓为中心,向左
转腰,将左拳带至鼻
前方,拳心转向右
方,上身由偏东南方
转向正东方,完成前
弓步式。
要看肘底看捶的动作录像,请点击学习园地的影像 1011
To watch the video of this movement , click  10 & 11
                                                           Fist under elbow 01
With the right heel as supporting point, stretch the right leg and shift the weight center to the left leg. At the same
time, with the connecting line of the left heel and the left hip as axis, rotate the body and lead the left toes and left
arm to point east. The torso from an up right position is gradually leaning side way toward the left thigh and the left
toes bringing the points K-H-D-B-A of the left side into a straight line. Stretch out the left arm naturally and turn the
palm to face down. Keep the right arm steady  in its original position. This time the upper body is facing south.

Pay attention that when making the turn the hips are rotating from their original locations and there is no shifting of
position. In stretching the right leg, the right knee is moving back toward the right heel and not moving sideway
toward the left leg. This is to maintain the state of opening the hips and keep the area between the legs and waist
strong and powerful so as to have a stable and forceful base. When rotating the body, do not protrude the right
hip and twist the posture.
                      Fist under elbow 02
Keep the left leg, knee, shoulder and arm still. With
the connecting line of the right heel and right hip as
axis, turn the body for 45 degrees leading the right
toes and the stretched right arm to point south. The
torso is basically unchanged with exception of a slight
turn to the  left. Ultimately, it is still facing south but
slanting sideway to the east.

Ensure that the weight center is solidly falling down
onto the connecting line between the left leg and the
left hip and is grounding on the left heel and the
outer edge of the left foot. There is the sense of
grabbing the ground with the left toes.
    Fist under elbow 03
Keep the left leg, knee, hip and arm strictly stable
and still. With the left hip as center, bring the
torso to face east and lean forward. Following the
rotation of the body, turn the stretched right leg
for 90 degrees as well and position it in parallel
and behind with the left foot. At the same time,
release the hooked right hand.

Following the rotation of the body, place the right
arm in parallel with the left arm. The posture of
the body is very much similar to the post of  
Brushing the Knee and Stepping Forward with only
difference in the position of both arms.
               Fist under elbow 04
Grab both hands into fists. With the left elbow as
center, arch the forearm up around 45 degrees
and turn the inner side of the fist from facing right
to pointing the face. Simultaneously, with the right
elbow as center, turn the forearm to the left and
rotate the inner side of the fist from facing left to
facing up. Place the right fist just below the left
elbow.

With exception of the arms, the posture
requirements as a whole are the same as the
sitting post of the Lute Form.
             Fist under elbow 05

Turn the waist for 45 degrees just like Grasping the
Bird’s Tail 01. Keep the right arm unchanged, with
the left elbow as center, arch the left fist down
toward the right side around 45 degrees and rotate
the left forearm at the same time. Lead the left fist
from facing right to facing up.

This movement is essentially turning the waist with
the spine as axis. It is necessary to maintain a
stable sitting post with the hips opened, the buttock
moving down and the lower back rounded.
  Fist under elbow 07

With the spine as center, turn the waist
to the left. Place the left fist in front of
the nose with the inner side of the fist
turning to the right. Rotate the upper
body from facing southeast to facing
east completing the post of the bow
step.
由 Daniel Kwok 先生 校译
Proofreaded & Translated
by Mr.Daniel Kwok
         懂劲先後论

夫未懂劲之先,长出顶、偏、丢、抗之病;
既懂劲之後,恐出断、接、俯、仰之病。然
未懂劲,故然病亦出;劲既懂,何以出病
乎?
缘劲似懂未懂之际,正在两可,断接无准
矣,故出病;神明及犹不及,俯仰无著矣,
亦出病。若不出断接俯仰之病,非真懂劲,
弗能不出也!
胡为“真懂”?因视听无由未得其确也,知
瞻眇颜盼之视觉,起落缓急之听知,闪还撩
了之运觉,转换进退之动知,则为真懂劲!
则能接及神明;及神明,自攸往有由矣!有
由者,由於懂劲,自得屈伸动静之妙;有屈
伸动静之妙,开合升降又有由矣!由屈伸动
静,见入则开,遇出则合;看来则降,就去
则升。夫而後才为真及神明矣!
明也,岂可日後不慎行坐卧走、饮食溺泅之
功!是所为及中成、大成也哉!