(44)右高探马——
Hight pat on horse (R)
前式,单鞭
的结束状态



This is
the
finishing
posture
of Single
Whip.
右高探马 01
籍左腿由曲转直之劲,略微提起左足跟,着力于左足尖上,将中正的脊髓随重心移向右边,右胯也
在同一高度上略微右移使原来左右分离的右胯与右足跟变成它们的连线基本垂直于地面。
接着以右胯、足连线为轴,将右膝与右足尖转到向东南方。由于在重心转移时,双胯又以脊髓为中
心作左右对称使上身由面南变为面东南的转动。因此,在此同时,左腿也以胯关节与左足尖为轴略
作转动,使左足跟右移,置足尖、足跟、膝、胯于同一直线之上。
左手上臂于前胸相对位置不变,以肘关节为中心,旋转前臂使上臂与前臂连成一线,与臂关节同
高,指向正东方。手掌向下,眼睛注视正东前方。
右肘与膝一起转动,仍然保持膝、肘向对。以肩为中心肘略微下降。以前臂为轴将向下的钩手转为
指向左边。
由于这是个由左右两边的腰、胯、腿、臂、腕、足同时旋转的复杂运动过程。在运动中各肢体必须
均匀、协调、同步,这很难用文字精确描述。读者宜多看录像,并根据自身的练习来体念、不断修
正,使运动平稳,流畅。
                 右高探马 02
以右胯为中心作第二阶段小结中的第三类相似的转身,将左胯转移到
与右胯连线处于南北走向为止。上身也相应地面对东方。双胯与双肩
要处于同一平面上。左虚腿随转身后收呈弯曲状,自然地置于右足左
前方。在后收时足尖不要离地。
右肘以肩为中心,继续下沉到与琵琶势中相同的高度。以肘为中心,
转动前臂使它置于身体左侧斜指上方。右手掌由向右的钩手转腕、展
掌使手掌向左,手指与前臂指向同一方向。指尖与眼同高。
以左肩为中心,下沉左肘到与右肘同高处。以前臂为轴转动使左手掌
由向下转为向上。同时以左肘为中心向右旋转左前臂,将左指置于右
肘旁。(左手位置可参照左高探马01)
全式运动中要维持胯的高度不变,脊髓始终保持中正。最终,全身总
体要满足中正后坐状态的各项动作要领。
要看右高探马的动作录像,请点击 此处

To watch video of this movement ,click here
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                                                                     High Pat on Horse (R) 01
With the power generated through stretching of  the left leg, raise the left heel slightly and ground with left toes. Shift
the upright spine to the right when moving the weight center. The right hip is also slightly shifted to the right at the
same height leading the separated right hip and right leg becoming basically perpendicular to the ground.

With the connecting line of the right hip and foot as axis, carry on the rotation of the right hip and the right foot till
they are pointing to the southeast. When shifting the weight center, both hips have to be symmetrical against the
spine as mid point. As a consequence the body is turning from facing south to facing southeast. Simultaneously, with
the left hip and left toes as axis, rotate the left leg slightly as well and turn the left heel to the right placing the left
toes, heel, knee and hip on a straight line.

The position of the left upper arm against the front chest is relatively unchanged. With the elbow as center, rotate
the forearm leading the upper arm and the forearm become a straight line at the same height as the shoulder and
pointing to the east. With the palm facing down, the eyesight is looking at the east. Rotate the right elbow and the
knee at the same time and keep them symmetrical. With the shoulder as center, drop the elbow down slightly. Using
the forearm as axis, turn the downward hooking hand to point left.

As this is a complicated procedure made up with the rotations of the waist, hips, legs, arms, wrists and feet at the
same time.  The body parts have to be even, coordinated and synchronized. It is difficult to describe in details by
words. Readers should watch the video more often. Through one’s actual practice and experience, the movement
can be corrected and fine-tuned making it become  more stable and smooth.
                                                                  High Pat on Horse (R) 02
With the right hip as center, turn the body similar to the third kind of rotation as mentioned under the second
summary. Turn the left hip till it is allied with the right hip along the horizon of south and north. The upper body is
accordingly facing east. Both hips and shoulders are located in the same planar. Following the turning of the body,
withdraw and bend the left leg placing it naturally in front of the right foot on the left. Keep the left toes grounded
while withdrawing the left foot.

With the shoulder as center, continue to sink down the right elbow till it is at the same height as the Lute Form. With
the elbow as center, rotate the forearm placing it at the left side of the body and slanting upward. Twist, open and
extend the wrist of the hooked right hand turning the palm to face left with fingers and forearm facing the same
direction. The tips of the fingers are at the same height as the eyesight.

With the left shoulder as center, sink down the left elbow till it is at the same height as the right elbow. Using the
forearm as axis, rotate the hand turning the left palm from facing down to facing up. Also with the left elbow as
center, rotate the left forearm to the right placing the left fingers next to the right elbow. (Reference can be made
with the High Patting The Horse as to the position of the left hand.)

During the whole process, keep the hips at the same height and the spine upright. Ultimately, all the essential
requirements of sitting back in an upright position have to be fulfilled.
由 Daniel Kwok 先生 校译

Proofreaded & Translated
by Mr.Daniel Kwok